Environment



Развитие навыков подстановки. Тренировка использования лексики по теме.
Fill in the gaps with words derived from the words in brackets.
Environmental, threaten, pollution, concerned , recycling, proof, organization, production, helpful, global.
There are many problems which (1) ___________ our natural environment. Acid rain, (2) __________ warming and air and water (3) ___________ are among the most serious ones. There are several ways to help improve the situation. Firstly, we should encourage (4) _______
Because it is the (5) ________ of new materials which causes the most damage. We must learn to reuse things like plastic bags and glass jars. Secondly, driving an environmentally-friendly car is also (6) ________.
Furthermore, joining an (7) _________ which plants trees or cleans up beaches would be a (8 ) ____________ that you are really (9) _________ about the environment. Lastly, supporting groups such as Greenpeace, which try to prevent many (10) _________ disasters, would help to ensure that our planet will be clean and safe for the future generations.
Right answers.
There are many problems which (1) _threaten_ our natural environment. Acid rain, (2) _global_ warming and air and water (3) __pollution__are among the most serious ones. There are several ways to help improve the situation. Firstly, we should encourage (4) _recycling_
Because it is the (5) _production of new materials which causes the most damage. We must learn to refuse things like plastic bags and glass jars. Secondly, driving an environmentally-friendly car is also (6) helpful_.
Furthermore, joining an (7) _organization which plants trees or cleans up beaches would be a (8 ) _proof that you are really (9) __concerned__about the environment. Lastly, supporting groups such as Greenpeace, which try to prevent many (10) _environmental disasters, would help to ensure that our planet will be clean and safe for the future generations.
Тренировка грамматических навыков.
Reported Speech
Find out the mistake.
He said our environment is in a serious danger now.
She asked if the enterprises have poured a lot of chemicals into rivers?They said people was laying waste to the public rubbish dump.
We added it is well known that we have had an ice age.
You asked what the greenhouse effect is?Answers:
He said our environment was in a serious danger then.
She asked if the enterprises had poured a lot of chemicals into rivers?They said people were laying waste to the public rubbish dump.
We added it was well known that we had had an ice age.
You asked what the greenhouse effect was?5. Развитие навыков аудирования. Просмотр фильма.
So now we’re going to watch he film and after it you ‘ll do some exercises. Now I give you the table . You should fill in the gaps after watching it. The gaps are the names of the parts.
Environmental problems is the most burning problem of today.
The ecological problem influence the climate on the Earth. Mankind long believed that , whatever we did, the Earth would remind much the same. Nature is under threat. Our country’s pollution can be every country’s problem. So we all need to work together to safeguard our environment.
Air pollution is a very serious problem. Industrial enterprises emit tons of harmful substances . They are the main reason for the greenhouse effect and acid rains. The pollution of air and the world’s ocean, destruction of the ozone layer is the result of man’s careless interaction- with nature a sign of the ecological crises.
Rains, full of acid chemicals, change lakes, rivers, as well as forests. Acid water kills the plants and animals that usually live in water. Acid rain makes the Earth more acidic and some kinds of trees can’t live in the sol that is very acidic. Forests are disappearing and this upsets the oxygen balance.
Water pollution occurs mostly , when people overload the water environment such as streams, lakes, underground water, bays or seas with wastes or substances harmful to living being.
Nuclear weapons is also course of the pollution. It brings a great damage to the agriculture, forests and people’s health.
The greenhouse effect and global warming both correspond with each other. The greenhouse effect is recalled as incoming solar radiation that passes through the Earth’s atmosphere but prevents much of the outgoing infrared radiation from escaping into outer space. It causes the overheat of the air as a result we have the global warming effect.
People are beginning to realize that environmental problems are not somebody else’s. In many countries environmental protection agencies and research centers are up. Such organization as “Green Peace” cares for ecology in countries. Its main goal is to combine the people’s efforts for peace with the huge and ever mounting movement launches all kind of environmental actions and inform of the ways, means and results of this work.
7. Выполнение упражнений.
Fill in the table.
Ecological
problems
Ecological
problemsThe Greenhouse effect
The research center “Green Peace”
Air pollution
Acid rains
Water pollution

True / False
Environmental problem isn’t the most burning problem of today. (False)
We all shouldn’t work together to safeguard our environment. (False)
Nuclear weapons are also course of the pollution. (True)
People are beginning to realize that environmental problems are somebody else’s. (False)
Such organization as “Green Peace” cares for economy in countries. (False)
Answer the following questions.
What does nuclear weapon bring damage to ?How is the Greenhouse effect recalled or how does it work?
What is the main goal of “Green Peace”?
Answers.
It brings damage to the agriculture, forests and people’s health.
The Greenhouse effect is the problem of rising the temperatures and not going out the heat to the outer space.
Its main goal is to combine the people’s efforts for peace.
Приложение 5.
A Breath of fresh air.The British government has decided to take the unpopular decision to ban smoking in a lot of public places. Though a lot of people find smoking displeasing, and though experts all agree it is unhealthy and that it costs the state a lot to treat victims of smoking, it is also undeniable that many people get pleasure from the habit and find smoking irresistible when are in company.
However, it is now impossible to deny the anti-social nature of the habit. As advertising has proved ineffective with many smokers, the government has now made smoking illegal in most public places. Smokers who are unable to stop smoking may feel the new measures are unjust, but for the passive smokers for
whom a room full of smoke is unbearable they will come as a breath of fresh air.


Приложенные файлы


Добавить комментарий