Методическая разработка к уроку, посвященному Дню Конституции РФ


CONSTITUTION DAY. День Конституции
1. Сопоставьте тексты с заголовками.
What is the Constitution Day? 1)…………
History of Constitution Day in Russia 2)………………
Russia’s Constitution Day Traditions, Customs and Activities 3)……………
Even though most Russians don’t give much importance to the date, Constitution Day is celebrated with speeches from the Kremlin Palace by the President, official ceremonies countrywide, and a fireworks display in St. Petersburg. It is also a day that many organizations take the opportunity to hold rallies for the independence of previous Soviet republics from the Russian Federation and to lead protest against the government.
Some More Facts about the Constitution 4)………………
The Constitution is the main law of the state; it determines the sense and the contents of other laws. Constitution Day is a public holiday in Russia. It is a celebration of the adoption of the Constitution of the Russian Federation by referendum on December 12, 1993. The text of the Constitution or the Russian Federation was published in the Rossiyskaya Gazeta on December 25, 1993.

At the beginning Constitution Day was a day off, but it was made a working day in 2004.
“The Copy No. 1” of the Russian Constitution is kept in the Presidential Library in the Kremlin.
Some amendments have been introduced since the adoption of the Constitution. The latest ones (2008) are the amendments stating that the President is elected every six years and the Duma is elected every five years.

Russians approved by referendum the new Constitution of the Russian Federation on December 12, 1993. The first ever Russian constitution was adopted in 1918 after the Monarchy was overthrown by the new Soviet regime, forming the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. A second constitution was adopted in 1924 for the formation of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, or USSR. In 1936, a new constitution was put in place by Joseph Stalin to establish priority of federal legislation over republican. Later in 1977, Brezhnev adopted another constitution that would give him more power as the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. Finally, by 1993, and after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1990, President Boris Yeltsin called to work the Constitutional Conference to create a new constitution. The referendum was held on December 12, 1993, simultaneous with the election of the government.

2. Прочитайте тексты еще раз и ответьте на вопросы:
1) What is the constitution?
2) How was the Constitution adopted?
3) What event is Constitution Day based on?
4) How many constitutions has Russia had?
5) How is Constitution Day celebrated?
6) Is Constitution Day a working day?
7) Has the Constitution ever been changed?
3. True or false? Верно или нет?
1) The Constitution was adopted in 1993 after the referendum.
2) The text of the Constitution was published two weeks after the adoption.
3) The constitution adopted in 1993 was the first Russian constitution ever.
4) There have been five constitutions in Russia.
5) After the adoption of the Constitution in 1993 the government was elected.
6) Most Russians give much importance to Constitution Day.
7) Some organizations use Constitution Day as an opportunity to show their protest.
8) No amendments to the Constitution have been introduced since 1993.

4. Сопоставьте части предложений.
“The Copy No.1” of the Constitution
Most Russians don’t give much importance
The Constitution
The Constitution was adopted in 1993
The first ever Russian constitution
The latest amendments to the Constitution by referendum.
is kept in the Kremlin.
is the main law of a state.
to Constitution Day.
was adopted in 1918.
were introduced in 2008.
5. Выпишите из текстов упр. 1 английские эквиваленты данных слов:
власть
выборы
закон
конституция
Кремль
поправка
правительство
президент
принимать
референдум

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1. the head of state in Russia
2. a group of buildings in Moscow which is the centre of the Russian government
3. political authority or control
4. the group of people who are in charge of the public affairs of a country
5. the main law of the state
6. a rule that everyone must obey
7. alteration8. the process of electing
9. voting by all the people of a country to decide whether something shall be done
10. accept1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1. the head of state in Russia
2. a group of buildings in Moscow which is the centre of the Russian government
3. political authority or control
4. the group of people who are in charge of the public affairs of a country
5. the main law of the state
6. a rule that everyone must obey
7. alteration8. the process of electing
9. voting by all the people of a country to decide whether something shall be done
10. accept

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