Для учеников. Сводная таблица на разницу употребления infinitive with to, infinitive without to, -ing form


ing form Инфинитив с to Инфинитив без to
в роли подлежащего
Swimming is a good form of exercise. Для выражения цели. He uses his car to go for a work. После модальных глаголов (must, can, have to, ….)
После глаголов: admit, appreciate, avoid, consider, continue, deny, fancy, go(for activities), imagine, mind, miss, practice, prevent, quit, save, suggest.
Would you mind closing the window? После agree, appear, decide, expect, hope, plan, promise, refuse, want. После глаголов let, make, see, hear, feel НО с be made, be seen, be heard в Passive – инфинитив с частицей to
После глаголов: love, like, enjoy, prefer, dislike, hate для выражения общего предпочтения. Chris prefers eating home-cooked meals.
Для выражения особого предпочтения - инфинитив: John would prefer to eat at a restaurant tonight. После would like, would prefer, would love и т.д. для выражения особого предпочтения Had better, would rather (лучше бы)
Be busy, it’s no use, it’s no good, it’s (not) worth, what’s the use of, can’t help, there’s no point in, can’t stand, have difficulty in, have trouble. После прилагательных, обозначающих чувства и эмоции(happy, sad), выражающих желание/нежелание(willing), описывающих характер человека(polite), lucky, fortunate. После глагола help может идти инфинитив с частицей to и без частицы to
Look forward to, be/get used to, in addition to, object to. После too и enough В роли дополнения после других предлогов: He is an expert at fixing computers. Be + first/ second/ next/ last Hear, listen to, notice, see, watch, feel для описания незавершенного действия She watched her son playing with toys. НО для описания завершенного – инф без to. She watched her son play with his bear and then put it away. To tell you the truth, to be honest, to sum up, to begin with Разница в значении to infinitive and –ing form.
После некоторых глаголов может употребляться inf. to или – ing form с разницей в значении.
Forget + inf. to забыть, не помнить
I forgot to call Mr Jones and he was upset. Forget + V – ing не помнить о прошлом событии
We’ll never forget driving in that terrible snowstorm.
Remember + inf. to помнить, не забывать
Chris always remembers to lock the door when he leaves. Remember + V –ing помнить о событии в прошлом He didn’t remember lending me his pen and he thought he had lost.
Mean + inf. to намереваться, собираться
George meant to check your report but he was too busy. Mean + V-ing подразумевать, предполагать
Growing up means having new responsibilities.
Regret + inf. to сожалеть о том, что приходится сообщать ч-л неприятное
We regret to inform you that flight STP-456 has been delayed. Regret + V-ing сожалеть о чем-либо
He has never regretted turning down the promotion.
Try + inf. to стараться, делать все возможное
She tried to carry her suitcase, but it was too heavy. Try + V-ing делать в качестве эксперимента
Try making a list of what you want to buy so you don’t forget anything.
Stop + inf. to остановиться на время с целью ч-л сделать
As we were driving through the mountains, we stopped to admire the view. Stop + V-ing прекратить делать ч-л
I think you should stop eating sweets.
Go on + inf. to закончить действие и приступить к новому
After he finished his speech he went on to answer the questions. Go on + V-ing продолжать делать ч-л
The student went on writing even after the teacher had told everyone that their time was up.
Hate + inf to испытывать неудовольствие по поводу предстоящего действия
I hate to tell you this, but you weren’t selected for the team. Hate + V-ing не любить то, что приходится делать
John hates waking up early.

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